Donate to Hurricane Recovery

Lead Shot

Lead shot recovered from the Queen Anne's Revenge shipwreck.

Lead shot is the most numerous artifact recovered from Queen Anne’s Revenge, accounting for over 50% of identified artifacts as of March 2018. Shot could be used in muskets, pistols, and blunderbusses, or bagged and fired from a cannon as anti-personnel projectiles.

Two methods of manufacture are represented among the Queen Anne’s Revenge shot. The larger shot was produced individually by pouring molten lead into a two-part bullet mold. Seam lines and a casting sprue are evident on many of the samples. The smaller Rupert shot, similar to “bird shot,” was manufactured by pouring molten lead through a brass colander that allowed lead droplets to fall about 1 foot into a container of water. This method, first publicized by Prince Rupert in 1665, is identified by slightly oval-shaped shot with small dimples in the flattened faces. The shot-tower method, capable of producing more perfectly spherical shot, did not become popular for another century.

Updated 03/14/18 Courtney Page