Arms and Armament
Pirate ships were heavily armed and QAR was no exception. Historical accounts refer to as many as 44 cannon on the ship. So far, 18 have been found on the site, and three were recovered by archaeologists. Artifacts associated with the cannon include iron round and bar shot, lead aprons or touch-hole covers, bag shot with glass shrapnel, and possible carriage hardware.
Small arms include a brass blunderbuss barrel, a side plate in the form of a sea serpent, a butt plate, chert gunflints and several thousand small caliber lead round shot. Although no edged weapons have been discovered, a whetstone and a quarter section of a millstone were recovered from the wreck. In addition, two powder-filled hand grenades with wooden fuses were recovered.
These artifacts relating to arms and armament include artillery, ammunition, and personal arms.
- Artillery consists mostly of the ship's cannon and related equipment (i.e. tompions, aprons and wads).
- Ammunition includes iron shot, grenades, and lead shot, the latter of which may have been used for personal firearms, as well as, in cannon.
- Personal arms (to date) are restricted to various elements of firearms (i.e. barrels, firing mechanism, decorative side and heel plates, trigger guard, and gunflints).
See the images below for details on arms and armaments that have been recovered thus far. The first seven artifacts are related to artillery, the second three are related to ammunition and the final six are related to personal arms.