Arms and Armament

Pirate ships were heavily armed and QAR was no exception. Historical accounts refer to as many as 44 cannon on the ship. So far, 18 have been found on the site, and three were recovered by archaeologists. Artifacts associated with the cannon include iron round and bar shot, lead aprons or touch-hole covers, bag shot with glass shrapnel, and possible carriage hardware.

Small arms include a brass blunderbuss barrel, a side plate in the form of a sea serpent, a butt plate, chert gunflints and several thousand small caliber lead round shot. Although no edged weapons have been discovered, a whetstone and a quarter section of a millstone were recovered from the wreck. In addition, two powder-filled hand grenades with wooden fuses were recovered.

These artifacts relating to arms and armament include artillery, ammunition, and personal arms.

  • Artillery consists mostly of the ship's cannon and related equipment (i.e. tompions, aprons and wads).
  • Ammunition includes iron shot, grenades, and lead shot, the latter of which may have been used for personal firearms, as well as, in cannon.
  • Personal arms (to date) are restricted to various elements of firearms (i.e. barrels, firing mechanism, decorative side and heel plates, trigger guard, and gunflints).

See the images below for details on arms and armaments that have been recovered thus far. The first seven artifacts are related to artillery, the second three are related to ammunition and the final six are related to personal arms.

Bar Cannon Shot
Bar Cannon Shot
Cannon 3
Cannon 3
Cannon Wad
Cannon Wad
English Gun Barrel
English Gun Barrel
Flint Fragment
Flint Fragment
Flintlock
Flintlock
Grenades
Grenades
Langrage
Langrage
Lead "Bird Shot"
Lead "Bird Shot"
Lead 6-19mm Shot
Lead 6-19mm Shot
Lead Sheeting
Lead Sheeting
Serpent Sideplate
Serpent Sideplate
Simple Brass Heelplate
Simple Brass Heelplate
Solid Cannon Shot
Solid Cannon Shot
Pirate Sword Guard
Sword Guard
Trigger Guard
Trigger Guard
Wooden Tompion
Wooden Tompion