On This Day... March 19

Sunday, March 19, 2017
Author: 
Courtney Page

On March 19, 1717*, La Concorde was forced to return to the port of Mindin at the mouth of the river Loire. Bad weather from the start had driven the ship north along the French coast, and on March 17 they found themselves forced to moor at the island of Groix. The next morning, the winds were so strong that the crew had to let loose their anchor cable and abandon their 1500-pound anchor. The ship was tossed, hitting the sand banks as many as three times, but fortunately did not become grounded. From Groix, La Concorde sailed to the island of Hoëdic to wait out the storm. When the winds finally calmed, the crew entered Mindin at the mouth of the Loire to replace their lost anchor and resupply for their journey to the African coast. They remained several days before venturing out to sea.

Ship being tossed in storm.The experience of La Concorde’s crew was far from uncommon. The Bay of Biscay was a notoriously dangerous area to sail, and many slave voyages did not make it past the North Atlantic. Sailing in this region was ideal during the summer months, between May and October, and over half of French voyages in the 18th century left during these months. Despite the dangers, leaving during the winter months significantly shortened the trip to the African coast because the winds favored a more direct route.

*The original French documents state the date as March 30. However, the French calendar in the 18th century differed from the English calendar by 11 days, and the date used here corresponds to the 18th century English calendar for consistency.

 

 

 

Sources:
-Deposition of François Ernaud, “27 avril 1718. La Concorde de Nantes prise et pillée par les forbans.” Archives départmentales de Loire-Atlantique, Nantes B 4578 f° 56V& s.
-Stein, Robert Louis. The French Slave Trade in the Eighteenth Century: An Old Regime Business. Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 1979.
 
Map:
-Thornton, John. [Atlas maritimus or, the sea-atlas: being a book of maratime sic charts describing the coasts, capes, headlands, sands, shoals, rocks and dangers, the bays, roads, harbours, rivers, and ports in most of the known parts of the world: with the true course and distances from one place to anot., gathered from the latest discoveries that hath been made, by diverse, able and experienced navigators of our English nation, accommodated with an hidrographical sic description of the whole world &c]. [London: John Thornton, ?, 1700] Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2010592349/.
 
Image:
-"Illustration to Androcles and the Lion," print made by Francis Barlow, is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/), © The Trustees of the British Museum. 
http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details/collection_image_gallery.aspx?assetId=144805001&objectId=1621216&partId=1